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Noticia: Ubuntu 12.04 LTS disponible para descarga /Novato

Cumpliendo el calendario oficial, Canonical ya a liberado Ubuntu 12.04 LTS Precise Pangolin. Como recordaréis, esta versión trae Unity + Gnome 3. Una combinación muy distinta a la anterior LTS (Ubuntu 10.04 LTS con Gnome 2). 

Ubuntu 12.04 LTS disponible para descargaLos que aún estén usando la anterior LTS, podéis actualizar desde el mismo Ubuntu según el tutorial que publiqué ayer. Las novedades de esta versión son las siguientes:

New Features in Ubuntu

Desktop Interface

  • There is a new way to quickly search and access menu and indicator actions, called the "HUD" (Heads-Up Display). Tap the Alt key and enter some letters and words, and it will show the corresponding entries, including some fuzzy matching; then press enter to execute the action. The search will include all menu entries of the currently focused application, as well as all indicator facilities (like managing emails, sound list, or logging out of the session). It learns from your previous choices to make the search more and more accurate for you.
  • System Settings has several new "options" to customize Unity's look and behavior.
  • Nautilus quicklist support has been added to Unity launcher.
  • ClickPad devices are trackpads where the physical button is integrated into the trackpad surface. Ubuntu 12.04 now has enhanced support for these devices. When the button is pressed on a ClickPad device, a second finger may be used to drag the cursor.
    • ClickPad support requires extra handling that conflicts with "Click Action" support. Click Actions allow for separate actions when multiple fingers are active on a trackpad. The default Ubuntu settings enable right button behavior when two fingers are in contact with the trackpad surface and the physical trackpad button is pressed. Because of conflicting behavior, ClickPad devices do not support Click Actions in this release.
    • Most Synaptics brand ClickPads are recognized out of the box. Apple MacBook trackpads are recognized as well. Support for Apple Magic Trackpads and more Synaptics brand ClickPads will follow in the next release.
  • Network Manager now uses dnsmasq for improved DNS reliability and support for split-DNS on VPN links. You can learn more here.
  • IPv6 and IPv4 are now equally supported in Network Manager: an IPv4 address is no longer required for a connection to be considered as working.

Desktop Applications

  • The default music player has been switched to Rhythmbox, which again includes the Ubuntu One music store.
  • LibreOffice has been updated to 3.5.2.
  • GNOME has been updated to 3.4.1. Read the GNOME 3.4 Release Notes to learn what's new and improved. A few highlights include:
    • - Files (Nautilus) now has undo support.
      - Several games have been modernized with useful help, simplified menus, and a less cluttered interface.
  • Remmina with FreeRDP is the new standard remote desktop client, replacing Vinagre and rdesktop.
  • The IcedTea Java plugin is no longer installed as part of the ubuntu-restricted-addons package but it is still available for install (889171)

Software Center

  • When installing new software through software-center, corresponding language support packages (translations, spell check modules particulat to that software, help files, etc.) are now installed alongside automatically. This removes the need to open "Language Support" after installing new software.
  • The user can opt-in into personalized recommendations. This will show global, category and per-application recommendations to the user.
  • Payment support for PayPal.
  • Web Directory to share applications with your friends.
  • Support for multiple screenshots and videos is now available.
  • Startup time and overall responsiveness was improved.
  • Improved support for installing multiple versions via the ubuntu-backports project.

Ubuntu One

  • The all new Control Panel now provides an installer, setup wizard, ability to add/remove folders to sync, and more.
  • Proxy support is now fully functional.
  • Ubuntu One contacts sync in Evolution is not supported any more and has been removed.

Common Infrastructure

  • Up until Ubuntu 11.10, administrator access using the sudo tool was granted via the "admin" Unix group. In Ubuntu 12.04, administrator access will be granted via the "sudo" group. This makes Ubuntu more consistent with the upstream implementation and Debian. For compatibility purposes, the "admin" group will continue to provide sudo/administrator access in 12.04.
  • Hibernate (suspend to disk) has been disabled by default, as it was found to be unreliable, very slow and confusing to have two suspend modes. See bug 812394 for details. If you want to re-enable it, please follow this recipe.
  • pm-utils now has two new scripts to power down USB and various PCI devices in battery mode. A number of desktop packages were fixed to wake up less often. Both of these reduce power consumption and thus improve battery lifetime.
  • resolvconf is now used to manage /etc/resolv.conf on all Ubuntu systems. You can learn more here

Linux v3.2.14 Kernel

Ubuntu 12.04 LTS ships with an updated kernel moving from the mainline v3.0 series to the mainline v3.2 series. At release we are shipping with the Ubuntu 3.2.0-23.36 kernel which is based on the v3.2.14 upstream stable Linux kernel. The mainline v3.0 to v3.2 stable series update brings a number of new features. Some highlights include:
  • ext4 gains support for larger base block sizes
  • btrfs has more work addressing data integrity issues
  • device mapper gains thin provisioning and recursive snapshots
  • more work to improve performance under high writeback load
  • networking improvements for conjested networks
  • ext3 moves to using filesystem barriers
  • memory allocator improvements
  • VFS scalability improvements
  • a new iSCSI implementation
  • software wait gains bad block management
Key changes in the Ubuntu kernel since the 3.0.0-12.20 Ubuntu kernel as shipped in the 11.10 Ubuntu release include:

Upstart 1.5

Upstart has been updated to version 1.5. More details are available in the Upstart Technical Overview.

GNU Toolchain

Ubuntu 12.04 is distributed with a default toolchain that includes: GCC 4.6.3, binutils 2.22, eglibc 2.15, and Linaro gdb 7.4-2012.02.

Python Toolchain

  • Ubuntu 12.04 includes Python 2.7 and Python 3.2. Python 2.6 is no longer available for install.
  • There is expanded support for Python 3 in this release, with Python 3 ports of python-dbus, python-feedparser, germinate, lazr.ui, wadllib, python-defer, python-keyring, and python-qt4 now included, among others.

Java Toolchain

The default run time for Java is OpenJDK 6b24. OpenJDK 7u3 is available in the archive as well.


Por otro lado, ayer actualice la guía Ubuntu, por lo que si no tenéis muy claro como actualizar a Ubuntu 12.04 LTS, os recomiendo que echéis un vistazo a la guía antes de tocar algo. Por último, a lo largo de estos días iré haciendo tutoriales de como instalar esta versión de Ubuntu desde cero al igual que hice con las anteriores versiones de Ubuntu.
También explicaré en primera mano las novedades de esta versión de Ubuntu frente a Ubuntu 11.10 y Ubuntu 10.04 LTS. Se que muchos de vosotros aún seguís usando Ubuntu 10.04 LTS por que no os acaba de convecer Unity. Veremos a ver que tal se comporta este Shell en Ubuntu 12.04 LTS. 

Los enlaces para descargar Ubuntu 12.04 LTS son los siguientes:
Ubuntu 12.04 LTS Precise Pangolin 64 bits

Para las demás versiones de Ubuntu 12.04 LTS (server, alternative, etc) podéis ir a este enlace. Un saludo

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